12 Exciting Careers in the Science Field

Careers in the Science Field

Do you have a child that loves science?  Does he love to learn about plants, animals, electricity, molecules, and even blow things up? There are a lot of exciting careers in the science field other than than the traditional ones we all think of. Many of these are in great demand with a positive outlook for the future and offer a sizable salary.

Careers in the Science Field

If your child seems to be leaning in that direction as a possible career, you may want to check out a few of these options. There may be something he hasn’t heard of and perhaps this will spark some interest. When I say he, I am by no means excluding the girls. The push for girls to become involved in science is greater than ever and has opened up a lot of opportunities!


I have made a point to include some occupations that don’t require years and years of schooling and a Ph.D. for the who are not interested in going beyond an associate’s or bachelor’s degree.


Geological Technician1. Geotech (Geological Technicians)

Our world depends on oil and gas for things like heating our homes, fuel for vehicles, and running equipment. A geotech is the person who is out there discovering and acquiring these natural resources from new areas. This would be great for the child who likes to think outside the box and it very hands-on.


The great thing about this job is that some companies will hire individuals with just a high school diploma; however, many would prefer the candidate to have an associate’s degree in geology or chemistry. The demand for this job is expected to grow by 16 percent through 2026, and the average salary is $54,000. Not too shabby for a high school diploma or associate’s degree!


Sonographer2. Sonographer

This person is the one most expecting parents can’t wait to see. A diagnostic medical sonographer gets to determine if they are having a boy or a girl. While this is a fun part of the job, there are more serious reasons a sonographer needs to be seen. They help diagnose many medical issues through images taken of the tissues and organs in the body. There are a quite a few areas a sonographer can specialize in. The list includes musculoskeletal, breast, abdominal, and neurosonographer.


A sonographer must be skilled and perform his job well in order to get an accurate diagnosis. This is often the first test recommended because it is less invasive and more cost effective. Because this is usually the first test run, it’s important to point out the sonographer needs to be empathetic and have good bedside manners since these patients will most likely be nervous. If you have child who is a natural nurturer and likes to care for others, this may interest him.


The demand for this job is expected to increase 23 percent by the year 2026. The average salary is $69,000. To get started in this occupation, a bachelor’s or associate’s degree in sonography is required. However, if someone is already a health professional, he may only need to complete a one-year program for a certificate.


Vet Technician3. Veterinary Technician

This is a great one for the animal lover in your family. A vet tech can pretty much do anything a veterinarian can do other than prescribe medications, make a diagnosis, and perform surgery. They are qualified to assist during surgery, perform nursing duties, run lab work, and many other services.


While there is the fun of playing with puppies and kittens, there is also a side to this job that’s not so pretty. Cleaning up after animals when they have accidents comes with the territory but most likely something they are willing to do it if they love animals.


The demand for this career is predicted to rise 18 percent in the next 10 years. The average salary is $32,000 with a requirement of an associate’s or bachelor’s degree in veterinary technology.


Forensic Scientist4. Forensic Scientist and Crime Scene Investigator

If you have seen any shows on television about crime investigations, then you are most likely familiar with what a forensic scientist or crime scene investigator does. Their job is to collect and examine evidence found at the scene of a crime in order to prove what happened and who was involved. Courts heavily rely on this type of evidence to prove or disprove someone’s innocence. Because technology continues to evolve and plays a large part in this field, this is a growing career to consider.


A bachelor’s degree in forensic science is just a starting point because it only allows someone to do general work. Going on to get a master’s degree allows for a specialization in toxicology, ballistics, forensic engineering, or multimedia and digital sciences. In addition to that course work, there are opportunities to do lab work for more hands-on learning. Some fields will require an additional doctorate degree. This occupation has been exploding and is expected to continue to grow by 27 percent through 2024. The average salary is $55,000 but can vary by field.


Forester5. Botanist and Forester

Perhaps you have a child who just loves the outdoors and would not want to be confined inside four walls. Both a forester and botanist spend a lot of time outside focusing on plants and trees. The forester manages and conserves forests and parks, while the botanist learns about the different kinds of plants to categorize and protect them.


Only an associate’s degree is needed to become a forest and conservation technician, but a bachelor’s degree is required to become a forester. The general rule is if more physical work is required, the less education that will be needed and in place of that will be more on the job training. The future isn’t as booming for this field as others, but it is still expected to grow by about 6 percent and the average salary ranges between $35,000- $60,000.


A bachelor’s degree related to botany is required to get an entry-level position as a botanist, but many go on to get a master’s or doctoral degree. A botanist’s salary can range from $60,000- $100,000 and there is an expected growth of up to 14 percent by the year 2022.


Pathologist6. Pathologist

Having lab work done is a huge part of medicine. When a doctor orders any test to be done, a pathologist (who is also a physician) is the person who interprets the results and determines a diagnosis. They are also responsible for keeping track of the blood supply at a hospital and whether it is safe for patients. In some cases, a pathologist can be part of an autopsy determining an unknown cause of death as part of forensic evidence. For those aspiring to become a doctor, this is another angle of medicine to explore.


A minimum of three years of undergraduate study is usually required before a student can enter medical school. However, most get a bachelor’s degree. After completing medical school, a four-year residency is required and if entering a specialization, a fellowship of one to two years will follow. The projected growth of this career is 14 percent through 2024 and the average annual salary is around $192,000.


Food Scientist7. Agriculture and Food Scientist

To be an agriculture and food scientist, your child had better like to do research and experiments. This person’s job is to understand and improve our food supply and make sure it is safe. He also deals with farm animals that provide food for us as well. Because of the broad amount of information that must be researched, there are three different areas one can specialize in. They are animal scientists, food scientists and technologists, and soil and plant scientists.


Developing new food products and enhancing how they are packaged are some of the responsibilities. In addition, they must analyze the soil and how it affects the growth of plants. An interesting but critical function is discovering outbreaks of foodborne illnesses like salmonella and E. coli.


A bachelor’s degree from an accredited college is a minimum requirement for this job, but many go on to get a higher degree. There is at least one college in every state that has an agricultural science degree program. The average yearly salary for this job is $69,000 but of course it can vary depending on the field of specialization.


Meteorologist8. Atmospheric Scientist and Meteorologist

Atmospheric scientists and meteorologists study the weather and climate, as well as the Earth’s atmosphere, which is used to forecast the weather. Most times this job is done indoors in an office, lab, or weather station. However, there can be instances where going out in the elements to observe the weather is necessary. Some of those times may be situations like hurricanes and other weather emergencies. If your child loves everything about the weather and is very interested in how it works, this may be a great choice!


A bachelor’s of science degree in meteorology or atmospheric science is required. If you are interested in the research part, usually a master’s degree or Ph.D. is necessary. Meteorologists and atmospheric scientists are paid on average around $92,000 a year. The demand for this occupation is expected to grow by 12 percent through 2026.


Marine Biologist9. Oceanography and Marine Biology

Because two-thirds of the earth’s surface is made up of water, there is a lot to study! Oceanographers have the job of studying the sea itself, while marine biologists observe and examine what lives underwater. Either of these two fields has a variety of careers to choose from. Their knowledge can be used as a public or private researcher, aquarium curator, education specialist, science writer, or even Congressional aide. These two jobs have so many different opportunities to find something that interests your child.


Depending on what is chosen, the education requirement ranges from a bachelor’s degree to very specialized master’s and/or doctorate degrees. Even some education in chemistry, physics, and mathematics can be helpful as well. Because there is such a wide range, the average salary can vary from around $37,000 to $90,000. The growth rate is expected to be around four percent by 2024.


Animal Scientist10. Animal Scientist

The career of an animal scientist can vary depending on the area he is involved in. Opportunities are available in education, production, research, or regulation. The education and research positions are meant to teach others, as well as do research and studies in the area of animal science.


A person involved in regulations will do inspections of farms, feedlots, and dairies to make sure they are running properly and following the health guidelines and treatment laws. Those who work in production can develop techniques to increase the production of eggs, milk, and meat. They are also responsible for managing the herd.


This job is expected to grow by 13 percent by 2024. The average salary is $61,000 with a bachelor’s degree but those with higher degrees will be paid more.


Scientific Writer11. Health, Medical, and Scientific Writer

With the internet at our disposal to learn about anything, good writers are in demand. Some of the most researched topics include medicine, health, and science and because of this, these types of writers are among the top paid. If you have a child who loves to write and also has a passion for any of these subjects, this may be a great field to pursue.


There are several ways to become one of these writers. A journalism degree is generally the requirement to get started, but many medical writers go on for a master’s or doctorate degree in science or health-related fields. The average salary is about $80,000 annually, but higher for those who have advanced degrees. Because the demand by both the general public seeking information and medical professionals looking for continuing education continues to increase, the job market is expected to be strong throughout the future.


Epidemiologist12. Epidemiologist

Epidemiologists are scientists who have the critical job of studying diseases within certain populations of people. Their job is to study and determine why an outbreak occurs and the best way to treat and prevent it from happening again in the future. This is another occupation for a child who loves to discover things but also has a strong desire to help others.


Most epidemiologists get a master’s degree in public health and then specialize in epidemiology; however, it is also possible to have a master’s degree and specialization in different areas. The average salary is around $66,000 and because the health industry is booming, this job is expected to rise around 10 percent by 2022.


Here is a video describing a few more ideas for science careers.

There are so many exciting careers in the science field there is sure to be something that intrigues your science lover. Encourage your student to learn more about these different jobs by reading books, watching videos, and taking field trips. Many of these are so fascinating the trick will be narrowing it down to just one to pursue!

It’s important to take strengths, weaknesses, and personality into consideration when choosing a career. Be sure to read my article on career planning. I have also created some Career Exploration Worksheets to guide your student through the step-by-step process of figuring out the best types of jobs he would be suited for.

Do you have a child who loves science and can see him/her being excited about one of these fields? Also, if you know of some other great careers in science, let me know in the comments below.

Hi I'm Heidi. I'm a former teacher turned homeschool mom of three. I've homeschooled from the beginning and my oldest is now graduated. I believe your home doesn't have to be chaotic just because you homeschool. When you join The Unexpected Homeschooler's community, you'll learn how to have a more organized, efficient, and productive homeschool, and I’ll send you this Daily Assignment Sheet tool as a gift to teach your students to work independently and free up your time.


  1. Hi there. I just loved this article.
    My middle son, Justin, worked for a Forensic Pathologist after he got out of the Marine Corp. He loved it.
    One of the things I love most about Home Schooling my sons is that I learned which areas they seemed to really enjoy and excel in. Then, I could add curriculum to encourage them to learn more about the things they already loved. They weren’t lock-stepped. It was amazing! I’ve never regretted Home Schooling, not even for a second!!
    Thanks for getting the word out there. 🙂

    • That sounds like such a fun career. I think I would love it! It is really nice to be able to gear our curriculum towards their interests and see where it leads. I agree with your about not regretting homeschool! I wouldn’t change it for the world. Thanks for reading my article!

  2. Usually, most of the children opt for engineer or doctor if they’re studying in the science field. But after reading your article got to know that there are so many options to make a career in science.

    I have a younger sister studying in 10th grade now. I’ll recommend her these 12 options. It’ll certainly help her to plan her future. Thanks for sharing this great information.

    • Yes, so many students only think of the standard occupations but there are so many more. I hope it’s helpful to her.

  3. This is a great article for people who are interested in sciences. There are many careers in science which are fun and are making a great difference to our world. I was a medical writer for about 20 years although strangely I did not get a scientific degree but an arts one. I always had an interest in sciences though and so was able to understand the needs of the job. I think it would be harder to break into now though without a science degree.
    However, that said, I maintained my love of learning after finishing university and have done several post-grad qualifications too.
    What I think is important here is that each student should follow their own dreams and believe that they can do what they like doing in the workplace. 🙂

    • Thanks! I bet being a medical writer was very interesting! Yes, I agree that each student should follow his dreams and do what he enjoys.

  4. Very informative post. I found the sonography piece very interesting. It sure is a job that requires skill and empathy…like many of these jobs in the health care field!

    • You are so right! Any job in the medical field is tough and it takes a special kind of person to do what they do. Thanks for reading my post!

  5. What a great post Heidi, I’d never actually considered how many jobs in Science there were before now, and to be honest I was never actually a science fan at school and stuck more with numbers. My children attend a school that is based on practical based learning as opposed to sitting at desks in a more structured environment and they are always coming home with new ideas and experiments that they conducted at school. Hopefully their interest in Science is more than mine in the long run, as these jobs sound way more fascinating than……….accounting!! 😛 I may just have to guide them down a path that leads to a job in science, all of the above listed sound fascinating. Thanks for sharing.

    • I think technology has opened up the science filed so much more than what it was years ago. There are so many fascinating jobs I think I would have loved had they been around when I was in school. I agree that I’d like to guide mine towards science as well and see if they find something they would love to do. Thanks for reading!

  6. Definitely, this article is good. I studied telecommunication networking (Bachelor degree) a year later I found out that I have a huge passion for pets, this is why my website is all about pets. I never knew that there is “Veterinary Technology” after reading this article my mind opened, and now I have more researches to do about pets. Thanks for sharing.

    • You are quite welcome! Perhaps you will find another angle to write about on your site. Thank you for reading my article.

  7. What I love about this post is that it gives you information on jobs that you may not have heard of otherwise! What a great way to get parents to talk to their kids about less commonly known positions. I wish I had resources like this available to me growing up.

    • I wish I had too! There are so many more opportunities available today. Thanks for reading it!


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